Dudhwa National Park lies amid the warm, tropical forests of the terai, in the foothills of the Himalayas. Sprawling along India’s border with Nepal, Dudhwa is a tiger reserve, and lies north of the Suheli river. From mosaic grasslands and dense sal forests to swampy marshes, the terrain of Dudhwa National Park is as diverse as the wildlife population is harbors.
The park’s thick sal forests, extensive grasslands and wet marshes harbour a wide range of wildlife, including tiger, swamp deer (barasingha), elephant, jackal, sloth bear, leopard cat, jungle cat, civet, fishing cat and a vast number of birds. Tall coarse grass sometimes forming impenetrable thickets, swampy depressions and lakes characterise the wetlands of the Park. These are the habitat of large members of barasingha, the magnificent swamp deer, noted for their multi-tined antlers(bara-12, singha-horn). These in turn support the predators -the tiger and leopard. Though the Park has a fair population of tigers, they are rarely seen owing to the nature of the forest cover.
Flora and Fauna: The major vegetation types in this region are tropical semi-evergreen forest, tropical moist deciduous forest, riparian and swamp forest and dry deciduous forest. The dominant tree species are Shorea robusta, Terminalis tomentosa, Adina cordifolia, Terminalia belerica, Eugenia jambolana, Dalbergia sissoo, and Bombax malabaricum. The various types of forests throughout the park are interrupted by wide stretches of mesophyllous grasslands locally called the phantas.
Major Wildlife Attractions: There are at least 37 species of mammals, 16 species of reptiles and 400 species of avifauna. Dudhwa Wildlife Sanctuary is said to have 101 tigers and four leopards. Recently, the hispid hare has also been sighted from this area.
It was here in 1984 that a major rhinoceros rehabilitation project was started since these forests had been the habitat of the rhinoceros 150 years ago. Five rhinos were relocated from Assam but two of the females died due to the strains of transportation. These were replaced in 1985 by four more females from Nepal.
Mammals: Tiger, Leopard, Swamp deer, Rhinoceros, Chital, Hog deer, Barking Deer, Wild Boar and Ratel.
Birds: Around 400 species including engal Florican, Black-necked Stork identified.
Fish: 90 species of fishes identified.
Endangered Species: Tiger, Swamp Deer, Leopard, Ratel, Hispid Hare, Bengal Florican, Black-necked Stork.
Best Time to Visit The best time to visit Dudhwa is between November and May. The park r:emains open to the public from November to June, but by June it’s usually a little too hot for comfort. Remember to take your Woollens along if you’re going between December and February- it can get pretty chilly here, in the foothills of the Terai.
How to Get there:
Air: In India, Lucknow at 250 kms is the most convenient airport, connected by flights from across the country. Outside India, Nepal at 35 kms is the nearest airport.
Rail: The nearest railhead is Dudhwa (4 kms), Palia (10 kms) and Mailani (37 kms).
Road: The State Roadways buses and private bus services link Palia to Lakhimpur Kheri, Shahjahanpur, Bareilly and Delhi. Buses are frequent between Palia and Dudhwa.
General Info / Tips:
Headqaters: Lakhimpur (Kheri), U.P. India.
Altitude: 150-183 meters neatest town: Palia (10 K.M.) Nearest Petrol Pump! Hospital/ Market / Bank / Post & Telegraph Office are at Palia.
Climate: Like the rest of North India, Dudhwa also has an extreme type of climate. Summers are hot with the temperature rising up to 40 C. During winters, the temperature hovers between 20 C and 30 C. The average annual rainfall is 1600 mm.
Winter: Light woolens preferably ‘Khaki’, Olive Green, Grey or other inconspicuous clothing which does not alarm or scare away animals.
Uttar Pradesh, India
Tiger, Leopard, Rhino