Orang Wild Life Sanctuary, situated on the north bank of river Brahamaputra near Tezpur in Assam, is spread over an area of about 78.81 sq kms and is home to great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, elephant, leopard, sambar deer, barking deer, tiger and varieties of water birds, green pigeon, florican, teal and geese. It is said to be a minature of the Kaziranga National Park. It was established as a sanctuary in 1985 and as a National Park in 13th April 1999.

Flora and Fauna:
The floral wealth of the park is very significant. The Natural Forest species are like Bombax ceiba, Dalbergia sisoo, Sterculia villosa, Trewia nudiflora, Zizypphus jujuba, Litsaea polyantha, etc. Among the non aquatic grassland species the prominent are Phragmites karka, Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrical, Saccarum spp. etc. The aquatic grass/plants species are Andropogon spp., Ipomea reptans, Enhydra flushians, Nymphia spp., Wichornia spp. etc

Orang is rich in avifauna. Important avifauna are Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis), Spot-billed Pelican (Pelicanus philippensis), Black-necked Stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus), Greater Adjutant Stork (Leptoptilos dubius), Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), Wooly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus), Rudy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), Gadwall (Anas strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Pintail (Anas acuta), Pallas’s Fishing Eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus) and a number of others including forest and grassland birds.

Major Wildlife Attractions:
Mammals:
Apart from the greater Indian one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis), which is the dominant species of the national park, the other key species sharing the habitat, are the Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris), Asiatic elephant (Elephas maxima), hog deer (Axis percinus), wild boar (Sus scrofa). Besides, there are other small mammals like civets, leopards, hare, and porcupines. There are more than 50 species of fish. Among reptiles, turtles like Lissemys punctata, Kachuga tecta, and among snakes pythons and cobras are known to frequent these areas.

Birds:
Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis), Spot-billed Pelican (Pelicanus philippensis), Black-necked Stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus), Greater Adjutant Stork (Leptoptilos dubius), Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus), Wooly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus), Rudy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), Gadwall (Anas strepera), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Pintail (Anas acuta), Pallas’s Fishing Eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus) and a number of others including forest and grassland birds.

Other Attractions:
Safari :
Visitors can enter the area only in the mornings or afternoon preferably on elephant back.

Best Time to Visit:
The best time to sight The Orang Wildlife Sanctuary is from November to May.

How to Get there:
Air: Tezpur is the nearest airport to Orang. However Guwahati has better connections with almost all the major cities.

Rail: The nearest railhead is Rongapara both Tezpur and Guwahati are connected very well by the rail network of India.

Road: It is about 65km from Tezpur, 127 km from Guwahati. The sanctuary is 15 km off the national highway near Orang town (Dhansirimukh).

Location:
Assam, India

Nearest Access:
Tezpur (65 Kms.)

Wildlife Found:
Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic elephant

Coverage Area:
78.81-sq-kms