The park has been created in 1983 by amalgamation of three sanctuaries- Rajaji sanctuary(estd. 1948) Motichur sanctuary (estd. 1964) and Chilla sanctuary(estd. 1977) after the name of renowned statesman and freedom fighter Sri C. Rajgopalachariya – The first and last Governor General of independent India popularly known as “Rajaji”. The park is spread over an area of 820.42 sq. km. in three Districts- Dehradun, Haridwar & Pauri Garhwal of Uttarakhand State, India.
The Park has got the largest area representing Shiwalik Eco-system. The Shivalik trail is 10 million year old and very rich in fossils. It’s fossils faunal remains include about 50 species of elephant, one of them is present today. The majestic Ganges flows through the National Park for a distance of 24km, besides the innumerable streams and brooks making it rich and diverse. It offers ample opportunities to nature lovers to enjoy the captivating landscape and wildlife.
Rajaji is thickly foliated predominantly by the Sal Forest and a number of other forest types which include the Western Gangetic Moist and Northern dry Deciduous and Khair-Sissoo forests. Low Alluvial Savannah Woodlands cover the drier southern margins of the park, in contrast to the Shiwalik Chir-Pine on the high reaches of the hills.
Flora and Fauna:
The permanent vegetation of the park may be classified under the Northern Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests and can be grouped into following six types:
Sal Forest: It dominates the Rajaji National Park
Mixed forest: The trees like Acacia catechu (Khair), Vetiveria Zizanioides (Khus), etc.
Riverine forest: The vegetation occurring in low water logged areas, along brooks, river beds and streambeds has developed into a riverine forest.
Scrub forest: These forests represent degradation stage of Dry Deciduous Forests which are formed as results of adverse biotic factors like over grazing, lopping, felling and fires etc.
Grassland: It is consist of Grasses.
Sub-tropical Pine Forests: The area covered by this type is very small. Chir (Pinus roxburghii) occurs on higher slopes of Shiwalik, mixed with stunted Sal forest.
The park has the largest population of Elephants in Uttarakhand. It also has a good number of Tigers and Leopards. Both elephants and tiger are here at the North-Western limit of their distribution in india. Wild animals found in Rajaji National Park.
Major Wildlife Attractions:
The park is home to the Tiger, Leopard, Himalayan Bear, Cheetal, hog deer, barking deer, Sambar deer, wild boar, antelopes such as the Nilgai, Goral , Jackal, Hyena, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat, Civets, Himalayan Yellow-Throated Marten, Sloth Bears, Pythons, King Cobra, Common Krait, Indian Cobra and the Monitor Lizard and above All the Asian Elephant.
Wildlife Safari at Rajaji National Park opens a vista of enchanting wildlife in pristine and unadulterated form, The National Park remain open between 15th November and 15th June every year.
Best Time to Visit:
Every season in the Rajaji National Park has capacity to endow celebration of life. So Whether its Winter, Summer, Spring, Monsoon or any self induced season just come here and explore the celebration of Life.
Winter (Oct. to Feb.):
Cold nights and sunny days, and return of stream birds like Himalayan Pied Kingfisher, White Capped and Plumbeous Redstarts makes the time quite relaxing and serene. The migratory birds descend in large numbers and take over the wetlands.
Must carry: Warm Jacket, Hat and Gloves and Binocular.
Spring (March to April):
Pleasant weather, local showers and bird chirping, the peacocks start dancing and the red jungle fowl start calling. Best time for outdoor treks and overnight camping in wilds.
Must carry: Back pack, Camping Guide Book and Good Walking Shoes.
Summer (May to June):
The best time for photography, But Days are very Hot Though it’s pleasant Nights during summer
Must carry: T-shirts, Shorts, Hats, Sunglasses and Lots of Water.
Monsoon (July to September):
It’s seems to be filled with green and azure blue all over, Every where we see a celebration of Rain, And quietness is turned into thunder, lightning and Heavy Rainfall, This is merriment inside the jungle and Wild Animals enjoy it very much, Best time for Photography of mesmerizing Landscapes, Wild Animals.
Must carry: Raincoat, Floaters, T-shirts, Shorts and Gumboots.
How to Get there:
Air: Indira Gandhi International Airport and Palam Airport (Domastic), Delhi.
Rail: Dehradun is nearest rail head.
Road: just 5-6 Hrs drive from India’s Capital Delhi. Rajaji National Park is well connect by roads.
General Info / Tips:
Rajaji National Park is having plenty of Forest Rest House but getting accommodation over there is totally depends upon the availability of the rooms and permission from the Director of the Rajaji National Park. So if you plan to stay there please make prior reservation and there is no separate Kitchen or Cook and mostly Care taker of the Rest House also work as Cook.
Rajaji National Park, 5/1 Ansari Road, Dehradun-248001, Uttarakhand (INDIA) Phone : 0135-2621669 Fax : 0135-2621669
Tiger, Leopard, Himalayan Bear, Asian Elephant