Considered one of the most impressive wildlife sanctuaries of Asia, the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary in Orissa is special due to reasons more than one. Housing the dynamic and salt tolerant species of trees, the Mangroves that generally grow in tropical and sub-tropical inter-tidal regions; Bhitarkanika has a luxuriant green, rich and pulsating
Located in the estuarial region of Brahmani-Baitarani, in the north-eastern place of Kendrapara district of Orissa, the sanctuary covers an area of 672 square kilometers of mangrove forests and wetland. Crossed by a thick network of brooks, with the Bay of Bengal on the east, Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary is home to over 215 species of birds, including winter migratory birds from Europe and central-Asia.
Apart from the Mangroves, another rarity that the sanctuary has to its account is the inhibition of its ecosystem by the Giant Salt Water Crocodiles and numerous varieties of other animal species. It is because of these specialties only that a vast expanse of forest around 145 square kilometers has been officially declared as the Bhitarkanika National Park. This park including mangrove forests, creeks, estuaries, rivers, accumulated land, backwater and mud flats is very significant for the ecological, biological and geomorphologic background of Orissa.
Flora and Fauna: Trees like mangroves are composite, dynamic and salt tolerant species in the eco-system, which generally grow in tropical and sub-tropical inter-tidal regions. Bhitarkanika has a luxuriant green, rich and pulsating eco-system. The Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the estuarial region of Brahmani-Baitarani, in the north-eastern place of Kendrapara district of Orissa. The area of the sanctuary is crossed by a network of brooks, with the Bay of Bengal on the east. There is a passage between the winding creeks and the rivers, which houses the second largest feasible mangrove forest of India.
The Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of 672 square kilometers of mangrove forests and wetland, and is a home to over 215 species of birds, including winter migratory birds from places like Europe and central-Asia. The ecosystem of the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary is inhabited by the Giant Salt Water Crocodiles and numerous varieties of other animal species. The Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary in Orissa is considered as one of the most impressive wildlife sanctuaries of Asia.
Major Wildlife Attractions: Apart from reptiles, different types of mammals, birds, amphibians and fish are also found here. Out of 58 species of mangroves in India, 55 are available in Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. Endangered animals like saltwater crocodiles can also be viewed in the sanctuary. Bhitarkanika also offers several rare mammals such as Hyena, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Smooth Coated Otter, Civet, Indian Porcupine, Wild Boar, Spotted Deer and Sambar. The endangered Lesser Adjutant Stork also breeds here.
Best Time to Visit:
Enjoy the Sanctuary between October and June.
How to Get there:
Air: Bhubaneswar is the nearest airport to Bhitarkanika and is about 190 kilometres from the sanctuary.
Rail: The nearest railhead is Bhadrak, which is at the distance of 77 kilometres.
Road: You can travel to Chandabali, which is 35 kilometres and well connected by road with other parts of Orissa. You can also take a ferry to Nalitapatia from Chandabali.
Chandabali (35 Kms.)