Itanagar Reserve Forest was declared as Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary with the geographical boundary as Pam River in the East, Pachin in the South, Neorochi on the North-East and Chingke stream in the North. The capital of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar in located within the Sanctuary. The area was rich in the population of Wildlife like Sambar, Barking Deer, Elephant herbs, Tiger and Panthers. But now their numbers have unfortunately gone down due to expansion of human habitation and clearance of forest covers for development purposes, settlements etc. The State bird of Arunachal Pradesh, the magnificent Hornbill used to be found in the Sanctuary, but their population came down drastically due to loss of habitat. However, the Wildlife is still available in a fair number especially in the northern and eastern side of the Itanagar Sanctuary.
Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary is easily accessible from any part of the country. Since, the area of the Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary measures approximately 140.30 square kilometers, it can afford to house a huge variety of wild animals.
The vegetation of this Sanctuary can be classified as tropical semi evergreen and wet evergreen. The main features of the forest are Heterogeneous mixture of the species with the merging of evergreen and semi evergreen forest into one another. Pure patches of bamboos are very common in almost all the area. The terrain is entirely hilly except the valleys and foothills. The hills are very broken and cut up by numerous streams and rivers. The valleys are narrow and the hill slopes are mostly steep to very steep. A large chunk of Sanctuary falls under Mixed Bamboo forests.
The most common bamboos are found in these forest areas are (1) Bambusa palida (Bijuli) (2) Dendrocalamus hamiltonii (Kako).
Tree species are (1) Duabanga grandiflora (Khokan) (2) Amoora Wallichii (Aman) (3) Toona ciliata (Poma) (4) Magnolia spp. (Sopa) (5) Schima Wallichii (Makrisal) and Castonopsis indica (Hingori) etc. Grass present here are succharam procerum, S.Spontamum, Andropogon assimillis, phramites karka, Allpinia allugus.
The Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary was very rich in Wildlife both in variety and number, which has unfortunately dwindled in the recent past for the reasons, described in the proceeding paras. Animals like Elephants, Tigers, Panthers, Sambar, Barking Deer and Bears were quite common. Hornbills were very common bird to sight. But now it is a chance to sight a Hornbill.
Major Wildlife Attractions: Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary
Animals like Elephants, Tigers, Panthers, Sambar, Barking Deer and Bears were quite common. Hornbills were very common bird to sight. But now it is a chance to sight a Hornbill.
Best Time to Visit: Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary
The best time to visit the wildlife is between the months of October to April.
How to Get there:
Road: Itanagar is well connected by bus and taxi to Guwahati, Tezpur and almost every district headquarters of the state. There are adequate hotels meeting to the requirement of all classes of visitors
Rail: The nearest railway station is at Harmuty.
Air: Biweekly Indian Airlines flight between Lilabari (nearest Airport and Guwahati takes place. Regular daily Pawan Hans Helicopter service is available between Guwahati and Itanagar. All the district headquarters of the state are also connected by Pawan Hans Helicopter service.
General Info / Tips:
Itanagar offers a wide range of accommodations from luxury to budget variety. You can select the one which most suites you.
Arunanchal Pradesh, India
Harmuty (50 kms.)
Elephants, Tigers, Panthers, Sambar, Barking Deer