One of the well-known National Parks in India Kishtwar High Altitude National Park, Jammu and Kashmir was established in the year 1981, with the chief aim of protecting snow leopards. Located about 248 km from Jammu, Kishtwar National Park is sprawled over an area of about 400 sq. km. Surrounded by the snow capped Himalayan Mountains, Kishtwar presents a scenic backdrop, and the numerous rivulets flowing through the park add immensely to the charm and magnetism of this Wildlife Reserve.
Kishtwar High Altitude National Park occupies an area of 400 sq km. The park is the natural habitat of 15 mammal species including the musk deer and Himalayan black and brown bear. There are 50 species of birds. The park is characterized by the marked variations in topography as well as vegetation that are abundantly found here. These variations in topography, climate and altitude are the main reasons which contribute to the occurrence of different types of forest vegetation. The principal tree species are Pinus gerardiana, Cedrus deodara, Quercus spp., Pinus wallichiana, Juglans regia, Ulmus spp., etc. The main shrubs associates are Viburnum spp., Parrotiopsis jacquemontiana, Rosa spp., and Desmodium tiliaefolium. The major herbs are Brachypodium spp., Primula spp., Dipsacus mitis, Brachypodium spp., Anemone spp., Artemisia vulgaris, etc.
The area is characterised by marked variations in topography,climate and altitude as a result of which different types of forest vegetation occur.The principal tree species are Cedrus deodara,Pinus gerardiana, Pinus wallichiana, Quercus spp., Juglans regia, Ulmus spp., etc. The dominant shrubs are Parrotiopsis jacquemontiana,Viburnum spp., Desmodium tiliaefolium and Rosa spp. The major herbs include Primula spp., Brachypodium spp., Anemone spp., Dipsacus mitis, Artemisia vulgaris, etc.
There are over fifteen mammal species; the principal species being hangul, musk deer, markhor, goral Himalayan brown bear, langur, leopard, etc.
Major Wildlife Attractions:
Kishtwar High Altitude National Park, Jammu and Kashmir is the natural habitat of 15 mammal species including the Musk Deer and Himalayan black and brown bear. One of the One of its prominent features of the park is the Hangul â€“ a Kashmiri Stag which migrate to this region during winters from the Dachigam National Park and again returns back when the cold subsides. Some other animals that can be spotted at Kishtwar High Altitude National Park, Jammu and Kashmir are Ibex, Markhor, Leopard, Wild boar, Bharal, Indian Muntijal, Serow, and Rhesus macaque.
Kishtwar is also home to an enchanting variety of birds, amounting to almost 50 species. Some of the birds found here are the Himalayan jungle crow, bearded vulture, griffon vulture, paradise flycatcher, golden oriole, white cheeked bulbul and Indian Mynah.
Kishtwar is sited on a plateau above the Chenab River and below the Nagin Sheer glacier. It is noted for the fine saffron grown in the area and for the many waterfalls close by.
A fall only 3-km from the town drops over 700m in a series of cascades. The Falls are a marvelous sight, visible even from the town. Saffron, a very colourful sight in spring and summer, grows only in a limited area and the cultivation and harvesting is accompanied by merry festivals and ceremonies.
Best Time to Visit:
The best time to visit Kishtwar High Altitude National Parks Mammal is between months of September to March and Bird viewing between March to May.
How to Get there:
Air: The nearest airport is situated in Jammu (250-km).
Rail: The nearest railhead is situated in Jammu (248-km).
Road: The road is constructed upto Ikhala, but bus services are only operated up to Plamer, which is 20-km away, in the north of Kishtwar.
Jammu & Kashmir, India
Kishtwar Town (40kms)
Leopard, Himalayan Black and Brown Bear, Kashmiri Stag, Wild Boar