Kolleru Bird Sanctuary is arguably one of the best fresh water lake sanctuaries in the Indian sub-continent. It includes a multitude of wildlife species that live inside the sanctuary. This wonderful park area is situated in the Deltaic region, between Godavari and Krishna rivers in Andhra Pradesh State. It is a paradise for many migratory birds from Egypt, Siberia, Australia and Philippines, that flock down in huge numbers during Indian winter season. This haven for birds is just 65 km from the Vijaywada city. Tourists, adventure travelers, nature lovers and environmentalists make it a point to visit this natural home for rare birds.
Kolleru Bird Sanctuary was established in November 1999, under the Wildlife Protection Act in India. Tourists from around the world are aware of the popular bird sanctuary and its natural beauty. Birds like red-chested pod chards, storks, pintails, Ibises, teals, etc are found in great numbers at this lovely bird sanctuary. The natural cool breeze from the lakeside and the placid surroundings hold a magical appeal to the migratory birds. There is even a watch tower that helps the visiting tourists to observe the birds closely. This beautiful lake sanctuary is also called as Colair Lake by local people.
Flora and Fauna:
The flora mainly consists of aquatic weeds like Ipomea Aquatics, Scripus, Water Hyacinth, Pharagmites, Ottelia, Typha etc. and certain tree species like Babul, Albezzia, Rain tree, Palmyrah, Prosopis and coconut trees.
The lake supports a rich biodiversity and high biomass of fish, plankton that forms the source of food for birds. Pelicans arrive here during the nesting season to raise their young. In winter great activity can be seen here. The babble of Pelicans can be heard a quarter of a mile away. Apart from pelicans, one can find grey herons, white ibis, pond herons, egrets and many migratory ducks and water birds.
Invertebrates like Crustaceans and Molluscs and 63 species of fish belonging to 29 families are found in the lake. Main ones are Boccha, Valugah, Korramenu, Gurak, Bangaru Teega, Jella, Ingilayh and Bommidaya. Ingilayh and Bommidaya are two species, which are under threat of extinction.
Birds like Teals and Pintails are the main species. Other species include painted storks, open bill storks, grey Herons, cormorants, white Ibises, glossy Ibises, egrets, Reef Herons, Ducks, Coots, Shovellers, Terns, Jacanas, Moorhens etc can be seen here.
The main attractions of Kolleru Bird sanctuary exist in the form of rich wildlife, natural greenery and rare bird species. During the heavy monsoon periods, the lake is haven for fisherman due to the abundance of prawns, carps and fishes found in it. The lake is surrounded by an unbelievable number of more or less 2, 00,000 birds, which include Open Bill Storks, Painted Storks, Glossy Ibises, White Ibises, Teals, Pintails, Shovellers, Red-Crested Pochards, Blackwinged Stilts, Avocets, Common Redshanks, Wigeons, Gadwalls and Cormorants, among Others.
Major Wildlife Attractions: The ecosystem of the Kolleru Lake Bird Sanctuary supports habitat for over 50,000 resident and migratory birds, including the Grey or Spot-billed Pelican. Numerous birds species such as Open Bill Storks, Painted Storks, Glossy Ibises, White Ibises, Teals, Pintails, Shovellers, Red-Crested Pochards, Blackwinged Stilts, Avocets, Common Redshanks, Wigeons, Gadwalls and Cormorants Widgeons are considered common in the sanctuary.
Migratory birds from Australia, Siberia, Egypt and the Philippines come to the Kolleru Lake Bird Sanctuary in search of a suitable place for their survival.
Best Time to Visit: Visit the sanctuary between the month of November to March, as it is cool and pleasant, especially for westerners who are not accustomed to Indian heat and humidity.
How to Get there:
Air: Nearest airport : Karipur International Airport, about 23 km from Kozhikode town.
Rail: 60 km from Vijayawada.
Road: 60 km from Vijayawada, 15-km from Eluru. One can take buses from Vijayawada. 1.5-km from Kaikaluru town,
8-km from Nidamarru, 3-km from Gudivakalankas
General Info / Tips:
For more information please contact:
Andhra Pradesh Tourist Information Centre
Government of Andhra Pradesh
Location: Andhra Pradesh, India
Nearest Access: Kaikaluru (1.5 kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Painted storks, open bill storks, Grey Herons
Coverage Area: 673-sq-kms