The Srisailam Sanctuary was notified in 1978 and declared a Tiger Reserve in 1983. The Reserve was renamed as Rajiv Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary in 1992.
The river Krishna flows through the sanctuary over a distance of 130 km. The multipurpose reservoirs, Srisailam and Nagarjunasagar, which are important sources of irrigation and power in the state are located in the sanctuary. The reservoirs and temples of Srisailam are a major tourist and pilgrim attraction for people from all over the country and abroad.
The terrain is rugged and winding gorges slice through the Mallamalai hills. Adjoining the reserve is the large reservoir of the Nagarjunasagar Dam on the River Krishna. The dry deciduous forests with scrub and bamboo thickets provide shelter to a range of animals from the tiger and leopard at the top of the food chain, to deer, sloth bear, hyena, jungle cat, palm civet, bonnet macaque and pangolin. In this unspoilt jungle, the tiger is truly nocturnal and is rarely seen.
Flora and Fauna:
Dry deciduous mixed forest with scrub and bamboo thickets provide shelter to a wide range of animals. The terrain is rugged and winding gorges slice through the Nallamalai hills. Spotted Deers, Mouse Deers, Black Bucks, Sambhars, Chousingha Nilgai, Wild Boars, Indian Giant Squirrels, Tree Shrews, Rayels, Mugger Crocodiles, Wild Dogs, Jackals, Wolves, Foxes, Sloth Bear, Panthers and Tigers are the animal attractions of this sanctuary.
In this forest the tiger is truly nocturnal and is rarely seen. The reserve was home to about 100 tigers at the beginning of this decade. However, according to a census conducted in 1997, the tiger population has fallen steeply to about 20.
Major Wildlife Attractions:
Srisailam wildlife Sanctuary is spread over 3568 sq. km across five districts in Andhra Pradesh. You will be amazed at the abundance of wildlife in Srisailam. The Srisailam Sanctuary shelters blackbuck, panthers, chinkara, spotted deer, nilgai, pangolins, leopards, soft-shelled turtles, porcupines, crocodiles and a variety of other animals, birds and snakes, in addition to the tiger. There is a successful crocodile reintroduction programme in Ethipothala, a cataract close to Srisailam
Best Time to Visit:
The best time to enjoy the Srisailam Wildlife Sanctuary is between October to June.
How to Get there:
Air: The nearest airport is Hyderabad.
Rail: The nearest railhead is Hyderabad.
Road: The nearest town to this sanctuary is Macherla, which is 29-km away from the sanctuary
Andhra Pradesh, India
Main Wildlife Found:
Tiger, Leopard, Deer