Namdapha National Park and Tiger Reserve at the eastern tip of India is the last true wilderness you will find anywhere in the old world. Thick, impenetrable tropical rain forest growth covering an area of 1985.23 square kilometers forms the core of this natural paradise. Namdapha lies along the turbulent Noa-Dihing River at the international border between India and Myanmar within Changlang District in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast India. It was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1983.
The areas vegetation may be broadly classified into tropical, temperate and alpine vegetation stretching from monsoon forests right up to the snows. The valley is covered with a mix of Assam valley Tropical Rain forest and North Indian Tropical Moist Deciduous forest. The avifauna is a unique mix of Himalayan, Sino- Tibetan and Indo-Burmese forms. The mountainous terrain, criss-crossed by innumerable streams supports a subtropical humid climate sustaining some of the best mamallian fauna in the sub-continent. More than 60% of the land mammals genera found in India is represented in Namdapha and it is the only place in the world where you can find 4 big cats in one area.
Flora and Fauna:
The beautiful forests possess great biodiversity of Flora and Fauna. A details study of its species and genetic variation has not yet been thoroughly done. Namdapha is Botanist’s dream and it may take as long as 50 years to complete a conprehensive survey of its botanical resources. There are more than 150 timber species. The Pinus merkusi and Abies delavavi are not found elsewhere in India. One of the rarest and endangered orchids, the Blue Vanda found here. The most famous local madicinal plant Mishimi Teeta (Copti teeta), which is used by the local tribal for all kinds of diseases is available here but its export has been banned.
The diverse vegetations and habitats of Namdapha grooms diverse species of animals and birds. It is only park in the World to have the four Feline species of big cat namely the Tiger (Panthera Tigris), Leopard (Panthera Pardus), Snow Leopard (Panthera Uncia) and Clouded Leopard (Neofelis Nebulosa) and numbers of Lesser cats. A number of primate species are seen in the park, such as Assamese macaque, pig-tailed macaque, stump-tailed macaque and number of the distictive Hoolock Gibbons (Hylobates Hoolock), highly endangered and only ‘ape’ species found in India dwells in this impenetrable virgin forest. Of the many other important animals are the elephants, black bear, Indian Bison, several species of deers, reptiles and a variety of arboreal animals.
Major Wildlife Attractions:
The park has recorded 55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds, 50 of reptiles, and 3 species of amphibians. Out of these wildlife, 21 mammals are India’s schedule mammals and 31 of them are threatened. The fauna of the park includes Asian Elephants, Asian water buffaloes, Barasingha, Indian Rhinoceros, Asian Golden Cat, Assamese Macaques, Clouded Leopards, Capped Langurs, Golden Langurs, Gaurs, Hoolock Gibbons, Tigers, Leopards, Barking Deer, Slow Loris, Smooth-coated Otters, Sloth Beears, Hog Deer, Samber Deer and Chital. The Majorirds includes Bee-Eaters, Bengal Florican, Bulbuls, Brahminy Ducks, Egrets, Fishing Eagles, Falcons, Giant Hornbills, Grey Hornbills, Harriers, Herons Jungle Fowls, Kalij Pheasants, Mergansers, Magpie Robins, Ospreys, Pelicans, Pied Hornbills, Serpent Eagles, Scarlet Minivets and etc.
Namdapha is justly a birding paradise with more than 400 species represented with some only found in this area in India. From Ibisbills and White-bellied Herons on the Noa-Dihing, to Blyth’s Tragopans, Blue-naped Pittas, Snowy-throated babblers, Cochoas, Ward’s Trogons, Beautiful Nuthatches, Rufous-necked Hornbills ~ Namdapha is the last word in exotics and the rare.
Best Time to Visit:
The Namdapha National Park is open to tourists from October to April in every season.
How to Get there:
Air: Nearest Airport at Mohanbari, Dibrugarh, Assam 182 Kms. from Forest Rest House, Deban, within the Namdapha National Park area.
Rail: Nearest long distance Railway station is Tinsukia Railway Station, Assam, 141 Kms. from Namdapha National Park. Nearest Passenger Railway Station is Margherita Railway Station, Assam 91 Kms. from Namdapha National Park.
Road: Good motorable road is connected up to Miao which is entry point of Namdapha. Namdapha National Park is 186 Kms. from Dibrugarh, 141 Kms. from Tinsukia, 91 Kms. from Margherita and 136 Kms. from District Headquarter Changlang.
General Info / Tips:
Entry into Arunachal Pradesh requires a permit which is issued by the Secretary (Political) Government of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh. The Resident Commissioner of the Government of Arunachal Pradesh stationed in New Delhi is also authorized to issue an Entry Permit. Entry into Arunachal Pradesh occurs at the Namchik Checkpoint.
- Leeches are everywhere in Namdapha and in large numbers. Carry protective gear.
- Rain is never predictable, give yourself some extra days to make sure that a trip is not wasted.
Arunanchal Pradesh, India
Tigers, Leopards, Asian Elephants, Asian water buffaloes