The Palamau National Park is located in the western part of the Chotanagpur plateau in the state of Bihar. The park is spread over a core area of 250 square kilometers and is also known as the Betla National Park. Palamau is situated within the Indo-Malayan realm and is rich in flora and fauna, though the area is prone to severe droughts. The Palamau National Park was brought under Project Tiger in the year 1973. It is among the first nine Tiger Reserves of the country. The core area of the park was declared as a National Park in September 1989.
There are 107 villages in the buffer area and three in the core with a human population of 65,000 and a livestock population of 45,000. The core is distributed into two parts, the actual core and the recently inducted ‘satellite core’.
Flora and Fauna:
The vegetation in this region comprises moist deciduous and dry deciduous forests and includes sal and bamboo as the major components. The western part of the Reserve is composed of dry deciduous forests and the other part shows characters of moist mixed deciduous nature. The entire area has a good distribution of bamboo breaks.
The herbarium recently prepared by the Tiger Reserve authorities records a good number of medicinal plants. At the last count, there were around 44 tigers in the park. Other important inhabitants of the sanctuary are wolves, hares, chital, nilgai, monkey, common langur, gaur, leopard, and sambar. Elephants are also seen in large numbers in the park.
Major Wildlife Attractions:
The world’s first tiger-census was done in the Palamau forests in the year 1932. the counting was based on pugmark count. there were around 44 tigers in the park, when the last census was done. Other important wildlife found in the sanctuary are Chital, Chinkara, Common Langur, Dhole (wild dogs), Elephants, Gaur, Hares, Indian porcupine, Nilgai, Monkey, Mouse Deer, Leopard, Pangolin, Panther, Sambar, Sloth Bear, Tiger, Wild Boar and Wolves. Peafowl, Red Jungle Fowl and Partridges are the common birds found here.
Best Time to Visit:
The period from February to April is ideal to visit the Park.
How to Get there:
Road: The sanctuary is well connected to other cities in the region by regular buses run by the state transport and private companies.
Rail: The nearest important railway station is Daltongunj, connected to many places in the region with regular trains. Ranchi and Gaya are also convenient railway stations for the tourists coming from Delhi and Calcutta respectively.
Air: Ranchi, situated around 140 km away, is the nearest airport with regular air connections to Delhi, Calcutta, Patna and Lucknow.
General Info / Tips:
The region experiences extreme weather conditions with the maximum temperature rising to 40°C in summers. The winters are also quite severe with the minimum temperature dropping to as low as 3°C. The monsoon months are from July to mid September.
The tourists should carry light cotton clothes during the summers and heavy woolens during the winters.
Ranchi (40 Kms.)
Tiger, Spotted Deer, Elephants