Purna Wildlife Sanctuary declared as a sanctuary in July 1990, has the thickest forest cover in the state of Gujarat. The forests have lofty teak trees rising tall and straight in the company of other associated flora viz. sadad, timru, bamboos, khair, kalam, haldu, sisham (rosewood), salai, kadaya, killai, sevan, tanachh etc. The healthy stock of lofty bamboos specially attracts your attention.
Leopard is the top predator here whose population has been increasing. The habitat is shared by other animals such as sloth bear, jackal, blue bull, wild boar and four horned antelopes.
The sanctuary area of 160.8 sq. km. is spread over an undulating terrain with rolling hills, plateaus, and small valleys of what are the western and northern limits of the Western Ghats. The area is drained by the beautiful river Purna, which lends name to the sanctuary. The area has other rivers and rivulets also. Unlike most of Gujarat, the area is characterised by moderate, sometimes even heavy, rainfalls with the average annual rainfall of 2500 mm. The area falls in the highest rainfall zone of the state. The forest, therefore, belongs to the category of tropical moist deciduous forests.
The landscape is lush green, thick forests, interspersed with rivers, small tribal villages and scattered fields. The human population is totally tribal represented by Bhils, Warlis, Konkanas, Dubdas, and Kolchas etc. When the sun sets, one may listen to the distant sounds of folk dances, tribal songs and their improvised musical instruments Pavry and drums.
‘Mahal’, the main village in the sanctuary is centrally located on the banks of river Purna. There is a very old forest rest house on the banks of this river. The place is the most preferred site for Nature Education Camps.
About 700 identified plants species with dominance of grass and plants with broad leaves in high density and diversity are found in the sanctuary. Major/important tree species are: teak, khair, sadad, dudhalo, kalam, bamboo, haldu, karanj, tanach, chopadi bondara etc.
The fauna at the Purna Wildlife Sanctuary located in Dangs is also quite breathtaking. Leopard is the top predator here whose population has been increasing. Some other animals that can be spotted here are Wild Bulls, Elephants, Sloth Bears, One-horned Rhinoceros. The forest known as ‘Mahal’ is one of the best known wild destination in the entire state.
Major Wildlife Attractions:
Purna Wildlife Sanctuary is home to Leopard, rhesus macaque, bonnet macaque, common mongoose, Indian civat cat, Indian porcupine, four-horned antelope, barking deer, sambar, chital, hyena, jungle cat, flying squirrel, python, lizards.
Birds: Common grey hornbill, grey jungle fowls, barbets, woodpeckers, shrikes, cloropsis, bee-eaters, flycatchers and many raptors.
Best Time to Visit:
The months of November to March is considered the best time to visit the sanctuary.
Air: The neareast Airport is Surat 130 Kms..
Rail: The nearest Railhead is Vyara 20 Kms.
Road: Vyara is 20 kms away.
General Info / Tips
Deputy Conservator of Forests,
North Dangs division, Ahwa, Dangs. Gujarat.
Ph: (O) 02631 220203.
Leopard, Wild Bulls, Elephants, Sloth Bears, One-horned Rhinoceros