Secure Frontline Staff Project
Forest staff on the frontlines of conservation are the shield to protect natural and cultural treasures of any nation. They work nonstop to protect threatened species like tigers, elephants and rhinos, which are targeted by poachers for the illegal wildlife trade.
Forest guards live, and die, to protect wildlife and natural wealth. So many of forest guards daily fight with poachers and lost their life, they are also someone’s son, brother, husband and father. Forest guards, stay in wild for months without seeing their families to protect wildlife only.
Wildlife in India Foundation is working on Secure Wildlife Staff Project, where each and every wildlife staff member of the particular Wildlife Sanctuary will get a personal/Group accidental policy.
Forest Guards' Training and Clothing Project
Apart from raising the morale of the keepers of the park, it was thought that training was imperative to improve their skills in policing the park, tracking skills, filing of First Information Reports, etc. A training program was organized just for this purpose.
Below are the details for the training:
- Training about wild animals and their behavior, identification
- Training about Wildlife Protection Act
- Workshop on how to prepare and submit an incident (case)
- Preparation of First Aid kit and how to use
- Experts in each field to instruct during the one-month training program.
- Donation of Uniforms and Winter Clothing
Drought Relief Project
During the summer the water level of the park goes very low in spite of the Park having large water bodies, there was acute water shortage. The levels of the water bodies drastically goes down and water holes dried up, endangering the wildlife of the Park.
In line with its objectives, Wildlife in India Foundation, to combat this situation, planning to take up many relief measures like servicing old wells, providing new diesel engines and tube wells.
Highlights of the projects:
- Cleaning and digging of old well
- Create new water bodies/holes
- Prospecting for water
- Providing tube wells
- Providing diesel pumps
- Social Welfare and Awareness Programs
Human Leopard Conflict
To understand pattern of Human-Leopard conflict and field work in some conflicted areas. Start conservation and awareness activities in different villages.
Data collected in the form of graphical presentation and analytical solutions, about wildlife and human conflict. Various software and applications were used in order to make maps and record data. Census of Leopards and number of livestock attack cases under human leopard conflict, provided in form of graph and tables by the forest department were also taken into consideration.
Trap cameras, Cameras and Night vision camera were used for documentation of scat, footprint identification, nail scratches identifications, kill record proofs etc. were also documented. There were programs conducted in the villages about conservation and awareness.
OPINIONS AND STRATEGIES
Common people cannot operate wildlife by their own rules and regulations. There are various issues regarding the thought process of the villagers involving the rescue of a leopard, regarding this there are various controls and measures which have to be considered and are of utmost importance.
- Domestic cattle of the villagers which they keep with them in their open courtyard are a threat, which also attract the wild carnivorous animals.
- There is no proper dump yard for the disposal of these dead animals.
- The crop harvesting is done in groups by surrounding the whole farmland which increases the risk a leopard attack in case the animal is in the middle of the farm.
- The non-vegetarian food waste is thrown out in the open which also attracts the wild animals which is a secondary source of their livestock.
- The leopard if in case enters the villages, the residents instead of informing the authorities take actions themselves, which is a threat to the leopard and also possesses a fatal threat to the villagers.
- Another backdrop is that leopards are not religiously important to the villagers as lions and tigers, which makes leopard an unwanted intruder in the eyes of the villagers.
Measures to be taken:
- Villagers are not to keep any domestic cattle or pet in the house which attracts the leopards. Instead a special shelter for the cattle is to be made with protective measures.
- Dump yard for the dead animals are to be made away from the villages which act as a source of livestock for the leopard and other animals such as hyenas.
- Villagers before harvesting the crops should sound an alarm to make the leopards aware of human presence, which may avoid fatal incidents of Human-Leopard conflicts.
- Crops should be harvested from one side instead of grouping up around the farm which minimizes the risk of confronting a leopard.
- Villagers should be educated about leaving the leopard alone even if it enters the village territory and not take the matters in their own hand and inform the representative forest authorities.
- Proper cages need to be set up to carry out safe rescue operations.
- Other method is to increase the importance of the leopard religiously by associating it with various gods, which in turn helps the villagers keep safe distance from the leopards rather than creating a nuisance when a leopard is seen.
- Villagers should travel in pairs or in groups which also avoids the leopard from getting in front of the people.
- Villagers should carry torches and talk loudly in the evenings and at nights which is a common method to distract lions and tigers and can simultaneously be applied on leopards.
- Proper lighting and fencing should be provided around the villages and the villagers especially infants should avoid sleeping in the open.
- Domestic dog populations should be increased which is a good alarm for the leopards.