The Valmiki Tiger Reserve is positioned in the northern most part of the West Champaran district of the state. Dotted with steep ravines, sharp ridges and vertical walls, the sanctuary is marked by broken, undulating, and highly fragile geological formations.
Valmiki Tiger Reserve in Bihar is one of the Project Tiger Reserves in India. The prime purpose of forming the Valmiki Tiger Reserve was the protection and conservation of tigers. The sanctuary was set up in the year 1990 as the 18th Tiger Reserve of the country and second in Bihar.
Flora and Fauna:
Valmiki Tiger Reserve is home to several species of flora such as Sal, Asan, Karama, Semal, Khair, Cane, Jamun, Siccharrum, Mahulan, Piper, and Lagun. Major forest types existing in the sanctuary are Sal forests, West Gangetic Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest, Eastern Wet Alluvial Grassland, Barringtonia Swamp Forest, etc
There is a plethora of animals at Valmiki Tiger Reserve . Apart from the Tiger, the faunal species include the Leopard, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Hog Deer, Black Buck, Gaur, wolf, serow, hyenas, Indian civets, Jungle cats, wild dogs Sloth Bear, langoor, Rhesus Macaque, etc. You will also come across birds like the peafowl and reptiles like the python at the sanctuary.
Major Wildlife Attractions:
The species found in the park include tiger, sloth bear, wolf, various species of deer, serow, leopard, python, peafowl, chitals, sambars, nilgais, leopards, hyenas, Indian civets, Jungle cats, Hog deer, wild dogs etc. One horned rhinoceros and Indian bison often migrate from Chitwan to Valmikinagar.
Best Time to Visit:
The period from October to June is ideal to visit the Sanctuary.
How to Get there:
Air: The closest Airport is Patna 295 kms. away.
Rail: The closest railway station is Valmiki Nagar 5 Kms.
Road: The sanctuary is well connected by road to major places.
General Info / Tips:
During your visit to the Valmiki Tiger Reserve you can enjoy a comfortable stay at the various hotels near the sanctuary. You can reach the sanctuary conveniently by air, rail, and road.
Valmiki Nagar (05 Kms.)
Tiger, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Cheetal, Black Buck